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Vicky grew up with many pets and has a profound love of animals.

Vicky grew up with many pets and has a profound love of animals. Due to this, she recently declared herself a vegetarian. After investigating the matter a little more, Vicky decides that being a lacto-ovo vegetarian is the best fit because she wants to keep consuming dairy products and eggs. Vicky is a little concerned about getting enough protein and essential amino acids from her diet because she's quite active and plays college volleyball. Do you think that Vicky can reasonably get enough protein from her new diet, considering she stands 5 feet 11 inches tall and weighs 155 pounds?


1. Vicky is concerned about getting all the essential amino acids from her diet. Of the 20 amino acids that are commonly found in living tissues, how many of them are considered essential and cannot be made by a healthy adult?

a. 11

b. 10

c. 9

d. 8

e. 7


2. Because she is so active, cardiovascular fitness is important to Vicky. She learns that hemoglobin is an important globular protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen, and that adequate dietary protein and which mineral are needed for her body to build enough hemoglobin?

a. collagen

b. magnesium

c. calcium

d. tyrosine

e. iron


3. Where in Vicky's body are tripeptides and dipeptides split into single amino acids that are readily absorbed?

a. pancreas

b. stomach

c. small intestine

d. liver

e. large intestine


4. Within a few months of changing to a vegetarian diet, Vicky develops insomnia and mild depression and loses her appetite. She decided to do some research on vegetarian diets and depression and found out that amino acids help to aid in the production of serotonin. Which amino acid helps to build serotonin?

a. glutamine

b. arginine

c. thyroxin

d. tryptophan

e. proline


5. Based on Vicky's weight, how much protein should she be consuming on a daily basis?

a. about 56 g

b. about 48 g

c. about 39 g.

d. about 65 g

e. about 30 g


6. Vicky knows that most plant-based foods are deficient in at least one essential amino acid. To prevent a dietary deficiency, Vicky focuses on the concept of complementary proteins. Which combination below complements each other the best?

a. blueberries and almonds

b. spinach and walnuts

c. broccoli and celery

d. pasta and tomatoes

e. rice and beans


7. Which protein-rich foods that are included in Vicky's new lacto-ovo vegetarian diet are well-digested and absorbed (from most to least)?

a. legumes > eggs > cheese

b. chicken > pork > beef

c. eggs > legumes > grains

d. grains > milk > eggs

e. beef > grains > eggs


8. Vicky also knows that it's possible to consume too much protein. Which of the following health conditions are associated with the overconsumption of protein?

a. kidney disease

b. blindness

c. rheumatoid arthritis

d. marasmus

e. psoriasis


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ANSWER.

1) c) Twenty amino acids that are commonly found in living tissues 9 of them

       are considered as essential amino acids.

       *Essential amino acids are Leucine,isoleucine,histidine,lysine,methionine

         phenylalanine,theronine,tryptophan,valine

2) e) Mineral required to build hemoglobin is Iron.

3) c) Small intestine is the area in which tripeptides and dipeptides split into single

         amino acids that are readily absorbed.

4) d) Amino acid which helps to build serotonin is Tryptophan.

5) Based on Vicky's weight protein required per day.

          Normal protein requirement per day = 0.8 g/kg or 0.36 g/pounds.

          Weight of the patient = 155 pound.

     So

         Protein required for Vicky per day = 155 * 0.36

                                                                = 55.8

                                                            a = 56 g.

6) e) Complementary proteins are Rice and beans.

         Rice and Beans are two incomplete plant food sources which combine

         together to form complimentary protein.

7) Protein rich food that are included in Vicky's new lacto-ovo vegetarian diet

    are well digested and absorbed (From most to least).

       c) Eggs > Legumes > Grains.

8) a) Health condition associated with the overconsumption of protein is Kidney

        disease.

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