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What is depression?

by Anonim1106

What is depression? Today we discuss the definition of this disorder, as well as some treatment methods . If we find out what depression is, it is easier for us to fight it.


Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common, serious medical condition that adversely affects the way you feel, the way you think, and the way you act. Fortunately, it is treatable . Depression causes feelings of sadness and / or loss of interest in activities that you once enjoyed. This can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. At the same time, it can reduce a person's ability to work at work and at home. It is very normal to ask yourself what depression is, because that is the only way to understand more about how you feel.Symptoms of depression


Symptoms of depression can range from mild to severe and can include:


Sadness or depressed mood;Loss of interest in once enjoyable activities;Appetite changes - weight loss or weight gain unrelated to diet;Insomnia or too much sleep;Increased energy loss or fatigue;Increasing useless physical activity or slowing movements and speech;The feeling of worthlessness;Feeling guilty;Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions;Suicidal thoughts / behaviors.


Symptoms should last at least two weeks to define depression.


Medical conditions (such as thyroid problems, a brain tumor, or vitamin deficiency) can also mimic the symptoms of depression, so it's important to rule out general medical causes.


300 million people worldwide are depressed, according to the World Health Organization. One in six people (16.6%) will have depression at some point in their lives. Depression can strike at any time, but on average it first appears during adolescence until the mid-1920s. Women are more prone to depression than men. Some studies show that one third of women will have a major depressive episode in their lifetime.


Risk factors for depression


Depression can affect anyone - even a person who seems to live in relatively ideal circumstances.


Several factors may play a role in depression:


Biochemistry: Discrepancies between certain chemicals in the brain can contribute to symptoms of depression.Genetics: Depression can circulate in families. For example, if one of the identical twins has depression, the other has a 70% chance of having this disorder at some point in his life.



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