Question

# ideal airways is a small local carrier that flies among the northeast states. The company provides...

ideal airways is a small local carrier that flies among the northeast states. The company provides only one class of seats: coach. The following data are available:

Average full passenger fare- \$150

Number of seats per plane- 120

Average variable cost per passenger- \$40

Fixed cost per month- \$1,800,000.

A. Determine the break even point in passengers and in revenues.

B. Determine the breakeven point in number of flights

C. If ideal raises its average full passenger fare to \$200, it is estimated that the load factor will decrease to 55%. in this case what will be the breakeven point in number of flights

D. The cost of fuel is a significant variable cost to any airline. if fuel charges increase \$8 per barrel, it is estimated that variable cost per passenger will rise to \$60. in this case, what will be the new breakeven point in passengers and in number of flights.

E. Ideal has experienced an increase in variable cost per passenger to \$50 and an increase in total fixed operating cost of 2,000,000. The company has decided to raise the average fare to \$180. What number of passengers is needed to generate a pre-tax incomes of \$1,000,000.

F. Ideal is considering offering a discounted fare of \$120, which the company feels would increase the load factor to 80%. Only the additional seats would be sold at the discounted fare. Additional monthly advertising costs would be \$100,000. How much before-tax income would the discounted fare provide ideal airways if the company has 20 flights per day, 30 days per month?

As per policy, only four parts of a question is allowed to answer at a time, but answering 5 parts here for you thanks:

 A) Break Even Point (in units) = Fixed Cost / (Revenue per unit - VC per unit) Break Even Point (in units) = 1800000 / (150 - 40)= 16364 passengers Break Even Point (in revenue) = 1800000 *150 / (150 - 40)= 2454600 B) Break Even Point (in number of flights) = BEP (in passengers) / number of seats per plane * load factor Break Even Point (in number of flights) =16364 / (120* 70%) = 194.81 or 195 flights C) Break Even Point (in units) = 1800000 / (200 - 40)= 11250 passengers Break Even Point (in number of flights) =11250 / (120* 55%) = 170.45 or 171 flights D) Break Even Point (in units) = 1800000 / (150 - 60)= 20000 passengers Break Even Point (in number of flights) =20000 / (120* 70%) = 238.1 or 238 flights E) Break Even Point (in units) = (Fixed Cost + Target profit)/ (Revenue per unit - VC per unit) Break Even Point (in units) = (2000000 + 1000000)/ (180 - 50)= 23077 passengers

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