# Can i please get help with problem 3? please, if possible, answer in a text format.... JN/2) f(n/2); f(n/2); f(n/2); Problem 3. Let A[O...n-1) be an array of n distinct integers. A pair (Ali), A[]) is said to be an inversion if these numbers are out of order, i.e., i<j but A[i] > AG). Design a O(n log n) time algorithm for counting the number of inversions.

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int merge(int a[],int st,int mid,int end)
{
int inv=0;
int temp[end-st+1];
int l=0;
int i=st;
int j=mid+1;
while(i<=mid && j<=end)
{
if(a[i]<a[j])
{
temp[l++]=a[i++];
}
else
{
temp[l++]=a[j++];
inv+=(mid-i+1);
}
}
while(i<=mid)
temp[l++]=a[i++];
while(j<=end)
temp[l++]=a[j++];
for(i=0;i<l;i++)
a[st+i]=temp[i];
return inv;
}
int countInversions(int a[],int st,int end)
{
int inv=0;
if(st<end)
{
int mid=(st+end)/2;
inv=countInversions(a,st,mid);
inv+=countInversions(a,mid+1,end);
inv+=merge(a,st,mid,end);
}
return inv;
}
int main()
{
int n,i;
cin>>n;
int a[n];
for(i=0;i<n;i++)
cin>>a[i];
cout<<countInversions(a,0,n-1);
}  Time Complexity:- O(nlogn)

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