1. Define the following concepts:

a) Mass Media

b) Media diversity

c) Media regulation

d) Control & Ownership

e) Hegemony

f) Virtual society

g) Surveillance

h) Network vs Networking

I) Digital divide

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Answer #1

a)     The term "mass media" refers to technology that is designed to reach a large audience. It is the most common mode of communication for reaching the vast majority of the general people. Newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the Internet are the most prevalent platforms for mass media. The general population often relies on the media for information on political, social, and entertainment topics, as well as pop culture news.

b)     The degree to which media content is varied is referred to as media diversity. The media can influence our opinions on a wide range of topics, including what we buy, who we like (and who we don't), how we perceive political matters like immigration and health care, and social concerns involving race, gender, sexual orientation, and age.

c)     The act of using a variety of specialized, often legally binding methods to media systems and organizations in order to achieve defined policy goals such as pluralism, diversity, competition, and freedom is referred to as "media regulation." Regulation includes both explicit statutory standards imposed by governmental authorities (such as quotas, content requirements, and ownership limitations) and more informal codes of behavior formed and executed by media companies in collaboration with the government.

d)     The institution of private property, which underpins capitalism, is a direct result of ownership and control. When someone has legal possession of a resource, asset, or commodity, they typically have influence over how it is used.

e)     Hegemony refers to a group's control over another, which is based on legitimate norms and beliefs. The student government leadership in a school is an example of hegemony. Leadership or supremacy, particularly of one state or nation over others.

f)      Virtual communities are social aggregations that arise from the Internet when enough people participate in public debates for long enough and with enough human emotion to build cyberspace webs of personal relationships.

g)     Surveillance is the process of gathering, analyzing, and disseminating data in order to prevent harm. Surveillance reveals what our problems are, how big they are, where remedies should be focused, how successfully (or poorly) our solutions have worked, and whether there has been improvement or deterioration over time.

h)     The major distinction between network and networking is that a network is a collection of computing devices connected via a communication medium to exchange information and resources, whereas networking is the process of establishing, managing, securing, and debugging a network.

i)      The digital divide refers to the disparity between demographics and regions with and without access to contemporary information and communication technology. The digital gap is exacerbated by factors such as poor literacy and economic levels, geographical limits, a lack of willingness to use technology, a lack of physical access to technology, and digital illiteracy.

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