1. Imagine a version of the particle in a box where the potential is given by:...
Please answer all parts: Consider a particle in a one-dimensional box, where the potential the potential V(x) = 0 for 0 < x <a and V(x) = 20 outside the box. On the system acts a perturbation Ĥ' of the form: 2a ad αδα 3 Approximation: Although the Hilbert space for this problem has infinite dimensions, you are allowed (and advised) to limit your calculations to a subspace of the lowest six states (n = 6), for the questions of...
Particle with a speed bump Consider our old friend the 1D particle in the box, except now with a speed bump in the box so the potential now is given by L and L < x < L 0, Vo 0 x V (x) otherwise (a) Calculate the first order correction to the ground state (n = 1) and first excited state (n = 2) energies (b) Calculate the first order correction to the ground state wave function in terms...
Quantum Mechanics Problem 1. (25) Consider an infinite potential well with the following shape: 0 a/4 3al4 a h2 where 4 Using the ground state wavefunction of the original infinite potential well as a trial function, 2πχ trial = 1-sin- find the approximation of the ground state energy for this system with the variational method. (Note, this question is simplified by considering the two components of the Hamiltonian, and V, on their own) b) If we had used the 1st...
2. Consider the following approximation for a long conjugated molecule, where there is a flat potential across the conjugated region, and a harmonic oscillator like potential on either end. mwx2 2 if x < 0 m(x -a)2 if a<x ) Uhe the WKB mcthod to find the eneesnoting thar we hate no verticl wall. Yyou may want to shift the question to simplify the calculation. b) Does this give the exact answer as a → 0? Compare how this model...
For a particle of mass m, consider a Morse potential of V. V(x) cosh (Bx)' where V> 0 and 8 >0. (a) Illustrate this potential graphically as a function of x. (b) Write the WKB quantization condition: of pladě = (n+ + ) 7, n=0,1,2,3,,.... in terms of the bound state energies En and V(x). What are I'min and Imax in this case, and what is the physical meaning/interpretation of Imin and Imax ? (C) Use WKB methods to determine...
The most general wave function of a particle in the simple harmonic oscillator potential is: V(x, t) = (x)e-1st/ where and E, are the harmonic oscillator's stationary states and their corresponding energies. (a) Show that the expectation value of position is (hint: use the results of Problem 4): (v) = A cos (wt - ) where the real constants A and o are given by: 1 2 Ae-id-1 " Entichtin Interpret this result, comparing it with the motion of a...
1. A particle of mass m moves in the one-dimensional potential: x<-a/2 x>a/2 Sketch the potential. Sketch what the wave functions would look like for α = 0 for the ground state and the 1st excited state. Write down a formula for all of the bound state energies for α = 0 (no derivation necessary). a) b) Break up the x axis into regions where the Schrödinger equation is easy to solve. Guess solutions in these regions and plug them...
3. Consider a particle of mass m moving in a potential given by: W (2, y, z) = 0 < x <a,0 < y <a l+o, elsewhere a) Write down the total energy and the 3D wavefunction for this particle. b) Assuming that hw > 312 h2/(2ma), find the energies and the corresponding degen- eracies for the ground state and the first excited state. c) Assume now that, in addition to the potential V(x, y, z), this particle also has...
Q1) Consider 2.dimensional infinite "well" with the potential otherwise The stationary states are ny = (a) sin ( x) sin (y,) The corresponding energies are n) , 123 Note that the ground state, ?11 is nondegenerate with the energy E00)-E1)-' r' Now introduce the perturbation, given by the shaded region in the figure ma AH,-{Vo, if 0<x otherwise y<a/2 (a) What is the energy of the 1.st excited state of the unperturbed system? What is its degree of degeneracy,v? (b)...
A particle with mass m is in a one dimensional simple harmonic oscillator potential. At timet0 it is described by the superposition state where Vo, 1 and Vz are normalised energy eigenfunctions of the harmonic oscillator potential corresponding to energies Eo, E1 and E2 (a) Show that the wavefunction is normalised (b) If an observation of energy is made, what is the most likely value of energy and with what probability would it be obtained? (c) If the experiment is...