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1. Define the following concepts:
a) Mass Media
b) Media diversity
c) Media regulation
d) Control & Ownership
f) Virtual society
h) Network vs Networking
I) Digital divide
a) The term "mass media" refers to technology that is designed to reach a large audience. It is the most common mode of communication for reaching the vast majority of the general people. Newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the Internet are the most prevalent platforms for mass media. The general population often relies on the media for information on political, social, and entertainment topics, as well as pop culture news.
b) The degree to which media content is varied is referred to as media diversity. The media can influence our opinions on a wide range of topics, including what we buy, who we like (and who we don't), how we perceive political matters like immigration and health care, and social concerns involving race, gender, sexual orientation, and age.
c) The act of using a variety of specialized, often legally binding methods to media systems and organizations in order to achieve defined policy goals such as pluralism, diversity, competition, and freedom is referred to as "media regulation." Regulation includes both explicit statutory standards imposed by governmental authorities (such as quotas, content requirements, and ownership limitations) and more informal codes of behavior formed and executed by media companies in collaboration with the government.
d) The institution of private property, which underpins capitalism, is a direct result of ownership and control. When someone has legal possession of a resource, asset, or commodity, they typically have influence over how it is used.
e) Hegemony refers to a group's control over another, which is based on legitimate norms and beliefs. The student government leadership in a school is an example of hegemony. Leadership or supremacy, particularly of one state or nation over others.
f) Virtual communities are social aggregations that arise from the Internet when enough people participate in public debates for long enough and with enough human emotion to build cyberspace webs of personal relationships.
g) Surveillance is the process of gathering, analyzing, and disseminating data in order to prevent harm. Surveillance reveals what our problems are, how big they are, where remedies should be focused, how successfully (or poorly) our solutions have worked, and whether there has been improvement or deterioration over time.
h) The major distinction between network and networking is that a network is a collection of computing devices connected via a communication medium to exchange information and resources, whereas networking is the process of establishing, managing, securing, and debugging a network.
i) The digital divide refers to the disparity between demographics and regions with and without access to contemporary information and communication technology. The digital gap is exacerbated by factors such as poor literacy and economic levels, geographical limits, a lack of willingness to use technology, a lack of physical access to technology, and digital illiteracy.
1. Define the following concepts:a) Mass Mediab) Media diversityc) Media regulationd) Control & Ownershipe) Hegemonyf) Virtual societyg) Surveillanceh) Network vs NetworkingI) Digital divide
Learning Activity 5a (week 1)Define the following concepts:Mass mediaMedia perspectivesMedia diversityMedia regulationControl & ownershipVirtual societySurveillanceDigital divide
define mass media, media perspectives, media diversity, media regulation, control and ownership, virtual society, surveillance and digital divide
According to Butcher (2015), can ‘the social’ be regarded as a social fact?TrueFalseThe ownership and control of media can result in the facilitation of ______, that is the enforcement of the dominant ideology that has authoritative influence of the state over the society or one group over others.• A. Bourgeoisie authority• B. Representation• C. Government dominance• D. Propaganda• E. Hegemony
______ is a social process of meaning-making, re-presenting ans re-working reality.• A. Representation• B. Social networking• C. Journalism• D. Media production• E. InterpretivismSocial media has emerged with diversity in how information is transmitted and how people connect and engage with each other. Which of these is an example of social media’s contribution to society?• A. People become journalists too• B. There have been changes in political engagement• C. Democracy• D. Corporate marketing strategies have diversified• E. All of these
The conception of ownership and control can be associated with the notion of freedom and independence of the media. Which theoretical paradigm can this be aligned to?• A. Marxism• B. Functionalism• C. Interpretivism• D. Feminism• E. All of theseThis theory suggests the affordances of digital technology can only strengthen citizens’ existing patterns of engagement, so only facilitating the engagement of citizens who are already politically active.• A. Reinforcement theory• B. mobilisation theory• C. Marxist theory• D. Modernisation theory• E. Systems...
The digital device refers to _Which of the following is correct?A . Capitalism in media usageB. Social control by media agenciesC. Propaganda spread by the governmentD. Access to media technologyE. The division between traditional and new media
There are 5 related questions below. i. Define the concept of "Media" and list 10 different types of Media that you encounter in your everyday life. ii. From the list of media types which you have listed above, please identify those which qualify as "Mass Media". - Explain what specific features qualify these as "Mass Media". - Discuss the relation between "Mass Media", "Mass Society", and "Mass Culture". iii. In what ways might media be used to disseminate, enforce, or...
The media reinforces social norms and behaviour. That is, what is considered ‘normal’ and how people act/behave in society.• A. False, people are agents and can decide on their own life’s trajectory.• B. False, only certain types of media do this.• C. True, but not for the elite bourgeoisie.• D. True.• E. False, the role of the media is to inform and entertain.As a key socialising institution in society, the media transmits values which socialise people to acceptable ways of...
Define the essential properties of the following types of operating systems: a. Batch b. Interactive c. Timer sharing d. Real time e. Network f. Parallel g. Distributed h. Clustered i. Handheld