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The contribution format income statement for Huerra Company for last year is given below: Tot...

The contribution format income statement for Huerra Company for last year is given below:

Total Unit
Sales $ 1,000,000 $ 50.00
Variable expenses 600,000 30.00
Contribution margin 400,000 20.00
Fixed expenses 318,000 15.90
Net operating income 82,000 4.10
Income taxes @ 40% 32,800 1.64
Net income $ 49,200 $ 2.46

The company had average operating assets of $502,000 during the year.

Required:

1. Compute the company’s return on investment (ROI) for the period using the ROI formula stated in terms of margin and turnover.

Margin %
Turnover %
ROI %

For each of the following questions, indicate whether the margin and turnover will increase, decrease, or remain unchanged as a result of the events described, and then compute the new ROI figure. Consider each question separately, starting in each case from the data used to compute the original ROI in (1) above.

2. Using Lean Production, the company is able to reduce the average level of inventory by $90,000. (The released funds are used to pay off short-term creditors.)

Margin %
Turnover %
ROI %

3. The company achieves a cost savings of $9,000 per year by using less costly materials.

Margin %
Turnover %
ROI %

4. The company issues bonds and uses the proceeds to purchase machinery and equipment that increases average operating assets by $129,000. Interest on the bonds is $16,000 per year. Sales remain unchanged. The new, more efficient equipment reduces production costs by $8,000 per year.

Margin %
Turnover %
ROI %

5. As a result of a more intense effort by sales people, sales are increased by 20%; operating assets remain unchanged.

Margin %
Turnover %
ROI %

6. At the beginning of the year, obsolete inventory carried on the books at a cost of $18,000 is scrapped and written off as a loss.

Margin %
Turnover %
ROI %

7. At the beginning of the year, the company uses $179,000 of cash (received on accounts receivable) to repurchase and retire some of its common stock.

Margin %
Turnover %
ROI %
0 0
ReportAnswer #1
20% increase in Sales
20,000 Unit Per Unit 24,000 Units
Sales $      1,000,000 $      50 $                1,200,000
Variable expenses $         600,000 $      30 $                   720,000
Contribution margin $         400,000 $      20 $                   480,000
Fixed expenses $         318,000 $      16 $                   318,000
Net operating income $           82,000 $        4 $                   162,000
Income taxes @ 40% $           32,800 $        2 $                     64,800
Net income $           49,200 $        2 $                     97,200
Operating Assets $         502,000
Margin = (Net operating Income/Sales)*100 4.92%
(49200/1000000)*100
Turnover = Sales/Average Operating assets 1.99
1000000/502000
1 Margin 4.92%
Turnover 1.99
ROI 9.80%
Turnover = Sales/Average Operating assets 2.43
1000000/(502000-90000)
2 Margin 4.92%
Turnover 2.43
ROI 11.94%
Margin = (Net operating Income/Sales)*100 5.82%
((49200+9000)/1000000)
3 Margin 5.82%
Turnover 1.99
ROI 11.59%
Margin = (Net operating Income/Sales)*100 5.72%
((49200+8000)/1000000)
Turnover = Sales/Average Operating assets 1.58
1000000/(502000+129000)
4 Margin 5.72%
Turnover 1.58
ROI 9.06%
Margin = (Net operating Income/Sales)*100 8.10%
97200/1200000
Turnover = Sales/Average Operating assets 2.39
1200000/502000
5 Margin 8.10%
Turnover 2.39
ROI 19.36%
Margin = (Net operating Income/Sales)*100 3.12%
(49200-18000)/1000000
Turnover = Sales/Average Operating assets 2.07
1000000/(502000-18000)
6 Margin 3.12%
Turnover 2.07
ROI 6.45%
Margin = (Net operating Income/Sales)*100 4.92%
(49200/1000000)*100
Turnover = Sales/Average Operating assets 3.10
1000000/502000
7 Margin 4.92%
Turnover 3.10
ROI 15.23%
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