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​Discuss the applications of epidemiology in Health Science Research with appropriate references.

Discuss the applications of epidemiology in Health Science Research with appropriate references.

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Answer #1

Ans) Epidemiology: The branch of medicine which deals with the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases and other factors relating to health.

- Epidemiology data collected by epidemiologist influence, consciously or unconsciously, everyday decisions by many people (examples: quit smoking, clime stairs instead of elevator, which food to eat, whether to use a condom). Epidemiology factors:

- Homicide and suicide rates
- Infant mortality rate
- Chronic and infectious diseases
- Drug and alcohol abuse rates
- Teen pregnancy rates
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Birth rate

- Air pollution from stationary and mobile sources
- Access to parks/recreational facilities
- Availability of clean water
- Availability of markers that supply healthful groceries
- Number of liquor stores and fast-food outlets
- Nutritional quality of foods and beverages vended to school-children

Epidemiologists continue to search for clues as to the causes infectious and chronic diseases
Knowledge that is acquired may be helpful in efforts to prevent the occurrence.

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Answer #2

Answer: Epidemiology is the study of the cause and occurance of the disease distribution among population. The applications of epidemiology in Health science research are:

  • Epidemiological studies enable to recognize the risk factors.
  • Epidemiological studies provides the specific information regarding the distribution of the disease. This helps in the research for the particular identification of the disease.
  • This study helps in finding alternatives methods for disease prevention.
  • The epidemiological studies enable the researchers to find out the disease outspread and it's diagnosis procedures.
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