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Professor Gill has taught General Psychology for many years. During the semester, she gives three multiple-choice...


Professor Gill has taught General Psychology for many years. During the semester, she gives three multiple-choice exams, each
Relative to ts mean, would you say that each exam had about the same spread of scores? Most professors do not wish to give an
a student were to study extra hard for exam 3 and increase his or her score on that exam by 14 points, what corresponding ch
Professor Gill has taught General Psychology for many years. During the semester, she gives three multiple-choice exams, each worth 100 points. At the end of the course, Dr Gil gives a comprehensive alworth 200 poset, and represent students scores on exams 1, 2, and respectively. Let X represent the student's score on the final exam. Last semester De Gil had 25 students in her cess. The student exam scores are shows below 73 75 152 93 185 91 90 180 99 100 196 23 66 70 142 53 55 101 69 74 77 149 47 56 115 175 770 70 73 70 65 14 93 95 91 14 73 BD 153 70 7370 93 89 193 78 75 16 81 9093 183 03 80 17 783 32 36 90 127 1 175 783 35 135 76 78 96 93 Since Professor Glas not changed the course much front semester to the present to the preceding date should be for constructing a repression model is meer as well () Generale sunmayistics, including the mean and standard deviation of each vor compute the coffen of vertente enth we (we decimale) Belative to sman, would you say that each eam had but the same spread of scores Most professors do not to get exam that is extremely cay or extremely hard. Would you say that all of the cams were about same level of my consider to means and spread of best scores) Yes the read is what the same, thout the same level of my No, the spread the best love of mult
Relative to ts mean, would you say that each exam had about the same spread of scores? Most professors do not wish to give an excan that is extremely easy or extremely hard. Would you say that all of the exams were about the same level of difficulty? (Consider both means and spread of test scores.) Yes, the spread is about the same Ne, the tests have different levels of difficulty. No, the spread is different: Yes, the tests are about the same level of difficulty Yes, the spread is about the same; Yes, the tests are about the same level of difficulty No, the spread is different; No, the tests have different levels of difficulty (b) For each pair of variables, generate the correlation coeficiente. Compute the corresponding coefficient of determination (Um 3 decimal places.) of the three exams 1, 2, and 3, which do you think had the most whence on the final exam 7 Although one exam had more influence on the final exam, ad the other two can still have a lot of infance on Explain each answer bam I because it has the highest correlation with Exam 4: Yes, the other exams still have a lot of influence because of the high correlations with and Exam 3 because it has the highest correlation with Exam : Yes, the other exams have a lot of Wence because of the high correlations with exam 4. Exam 2 because it has the lowest correlation with Exam 4: Yes, the other exams will have a lot of influence because of their high correlations with exam, Dam) because has the highest correlation with tam do, the other exams do not have a lot of intence because of their low correlations with Perform a regression analysis with X, as the response variables, and, as explanatory variables. Look at the coefficient of multiple determination what percentage of the variation in an explained by the corresponding variations in, and taken together? (Use 1 decimal place) (d) Write out the regression untion se 2 decimal places) Explain how each coefficient can be thought of slope. welcoficients to each one can be thought of welcomentatge, the sum of them can be thought of the overal of the regression in w we hold the expory variables sed constants, then we can look to coefficient as a 'sepe 1 wey variables as the constants, the intercot can be thout of as a
a student were to study "extra hard for exam 3 and increase his or her score on that exam by 14 points, what corresponding change would you expect on the final exam? (Assume that exams 1 and 2 remain Tee in their scores.) (Use 1 decimal place.) te) Test each coefficient in the regression equation to determine if it is zero or not zero. Use level of significance 54. (Use 2 decimal places for t and 3 decimal places for the Avatue.) t B B Candido We reject al ull hypotheses, there is sufficient evidence that PB and differ from We fail to reject all hypotheses, there is sufficient evidence that .. and differ from 0. We tall to reject al nullypotheses, there is insuficient evidence that and differ from o We react wil nu hypothes, there is insufficient evidence that and offer from Why would the outcome of each hypothesis test help us decide whether or not a given variable should be used in the regression equation ta coefficient is found to be no different from then it contributes to the regression equation Ta coefficient is found to be different from then it does not contribute to the regression equation - a coeficient is found to be different from the contributes to the repression equation a colicient is found to be not different from, then it does not contribute to the regression equation ind a son codecenter for each cofficient. (we 2 decimal places) lower limit perimit BA P As (0) This semester has wors of 68, 72, and an exams 1, 2, and respectively. Musa a prediction for Susar's score on the final exam and find a sostenere for your prediction if you are not prediction intervals) (Round les to renter) prediction lower Need Help?
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Answer #1

(a) Generating the summary statistics: Using excel,

File Home Insert Page Layout View 21 21 UU Formulas Data Review Connections Properties Refresh All- Edit Links Connections Cl

А B с D E F G H J K 1 x1 X2 x3 X4 2 73 75 152 80 88 3 93 93 185 ? 4 x 89 91 90 Descriptive Statistics 180 5 96 98 100 196 142

We get the output:

A B C D E F G H K 1 x1 x2 x3 X4 2 73 80 75 152 x1 x2 x3 X4 3 93 88 93 185 4 89 91 90 180 Mean 79.04 81.48 162.04 79.48 2.50 5

Substituting the mean and standard deviations to compute the Coefficient of Variation (in %):

CV 100 T

T s CV(%)
x1 79.04 12.08 12.08 / 79.04 = 15.54
x2 79.48 12.50 15.73
x3 81.48 11.77 14.44
x4 162.04 24.04 14.84

Comparing the spread relative to the mean would be the same as comparing the CVs. We find the CV for all the four variables are approximately equal i.e. they do not appear to be significantly different. We may say that:

Yes, the spread is about the same.Yes, the tests are about the same level of difficulty.

(b) Computing the correlation coefficient:

SUM - Xfx =CORREL(A2:A26,B2:B26 A B C D E F G H - 1 x1 X2 x3 X4 r 2 73 80 75 152 r^2 =CORREL(A2:A26,B2:326 CORREL(array1, arr

r r2
x1,x2 0.90 0.81
x1,x3 0.89 0.80
x1,x4 0.95 0.90
x2,x3 0.85 0.72
x2,x4 0.93 0.86
x3,x4 0.97 0.95

We find the highest correlation coefficient obtained is 0.97 observed between 3 and 4. Hence, we may say that:

3. Beacause it has the highest correlation with 4. Yes, the other two still have a lot of influence because of their high correlations with 4.

(c) Running a multiple regression by regressing x4 on the predictors x1,x2 and x3, we get the output:

File Home Insert Page Layout Formulas Data Review View 21 z ZA From Access From Web From From Other Text Sources Get External

F2 for А B C D 1 x1 х x2 x3 X4 Regression 2 75 73 93 80 88 OK 3 93 Input Input Y Range: Input X Range: $D$1:$D$26 89 90 Cance

A B с D E F G H 1 K L M 1 x1 x2 X3 X4 73 80 N 75 152 SUMMARY OUTPUT 93 88 93 185 89 91 90 180 3 4 5 5 96 98 100 196 73 66 70

(d) The fitted regression equation can be expressed as:

y = -4.34+ 0.36.21 +0.54r2 + 1.1773

where the intercept is estimated to be -4.34 and the slope of x1 is estimated to be 0.36, other predictors in the model being constant; similarly for x2 and x3. Hence, we may say that:

If we hold all other explanatory variables as fixed constant, then we can look at one coefficient as slope.

Here, the slope of x3 can be interpreted as: the mean score of x4 increases by 1.17 units for a unit increase in x3. Hence, if marks in x3 increases by 14, x4 marks is expected to increase by (14)(1.17) = 16.38 points

(e) We test the significance of the slope coefficients by testing the hypothesis:

Ho: =0,2 = 1,2,3 Vs H 3; # , i = 1, 2, E

t P-value
\beta _{1} 2.93 0.008
\beta _{2} 5.38 0.000
\beta _{3} 11.33 0.000

Since, the p-value of the t test of all three predictors are significant at 5% level (since, 0.008,0.000 < 0.05), we may say that we reject all null hypothesis; there is sufficient evidence that 81, 82, differ from zero.

If a coefficient is different from zero, then it contributes to the regression equation.

(f) The 90% CI for slope can be constructed using the formula:

B 77,-2SE(3

where the critical value of t is obtained as:

ETINV(0.10,25-2 TINV(probability, deg_freedom)

= 1.714

Lower Limit Upper Limit
\beta _{1} 0.36 - 1.714 x 0.12 = 0.15 0.36 + 1.714 x 0.12 = 0.56
\beta _{2} 0.37 0.72
\beta _{3} 0.99 1.34

For x1 = 68, x2 = 72,x3 = 75

y = -4.34 + 0.36(68) + 0.54(72) + 1.17(75)

= 146.49 = 146 (approx.)

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