Conditions of acceptable wave functions:
1. Wave function , must be finite for finite value of x.
Here, , is finite for any finite values of x. ( As, both N and L are constants).
2. Wave function , must be singled valued for a fixed value of x.
Here , is singled valued for any fixed value of x. ( As here N and L are independent of x).
3. Wave function must be normalized.
Here is normalized, where N is normalization constant.
The wave function given below is suggested to fit the particle in a box of length...
Particle in a box Figure 1 is an illustration of the concept of a particle in a box. V=00 V=00 V=0 Figure 1. A representation of a particle in a box, where the potential energy, V, is zero between x = 0 and x = L and rises abruptly to infinity at the walls. The Schrödinger equation for a particle in a box reads t² d²u Y +V(x)y = Ey 2m dx2 + (1) where ħ=h/21 , y represents the...
Consider a particle confined to one dimension and positive r with the wave function 0, z<0 where N is a real normalization constant and o is a real positive constant with units of (length)-1. For the following, express your answers in terms of a: a) Calculate the momentum space wave function. b) Verify that the momentum space wave function is normalized such that (2.4) c) Use the momentum space wave function to calculate the expectation value (p) via (2.5)
6. The Particle in a Box problem refers to a potential energy function called the infinite square well, aka the box: ; x < 0 (Region I) V(x) = 0 : 0 L (Region II) x x >L (Region III) Let's investigate a quantum particle with mass m and energy E in this potential well of length L We were unable to transcribe this image6d (continued) write down an equation relating ψ, (x = 0) to ψ"(x I and II....
Consider a particle confined to one dimension and positive with the wave function Nxear, x20 x<0 0 where N is a real normalization constant and α is a real positive constant with units of (length)-1. For the following, express your answers in terms of α: a) Find the normalization constant N. What are the units of your result and do they make sense? b) What is the most probable location to find the particle, or more precisely, at what z...
II.6. The wave function of a particle in a 1D rigid box (infinite potential well) of length L is: v, 8, 1) = sin(x)e-En/5). n = 1,2,3... What is the probability density of finding the particle in its 2nd excited state?
Consider a particle confined to one dimension and positive z with the wave function 0 where N is a real normalization constant and α is a real positive constant with units of (length)-1. For the following, express your answers in terms of α: f) Calculate the expectation value of the momentum, (p) via the canonical expression -0o g) Calculate the expectation value of (p) via the canonical expression h) Use your results for(i) and (pay to calculate the variance in...
3. A particle of mass m in a one-dimensional box has the following wave function in the region x-0 tox-L: ? (x.r)=?,(x)e-iEy /A +?,(X)--iE//h Here Y,(x) and Y,(x) are the normalized stationary-state wave functions for the n = 1 and n = 3 levels, and E1 and E3 are the energies of these levels. The wave function is zero for x< 0 and forx> L. (a) Find the value of the probability distribution function atx- L/2 as a function of...
1) (35 points) The wave function for a particle moving along x axis between the limits 0 and L is: (x)-C sin (nx xL) where n are 1, 2, 3, A) Determine the normalization constant C B) Why can't n take the value of 0, briefly explain C) For n-3 determine the values of x (in terms of L) that correspond to a maximum or a minimum in the wave function D) For n-3 determine the values of x (in...
The eigenfunctions for a particle in a one-dimensional box of length L, and the corresponding energy eigenvalues are given below. What is the variance of measurements for the linear momentum, i.e., Op = v<p? > - <p>2? Øn (x) = ( )" sin nga, n= 1, 2,.. En = n2h2 8m12 Note the Hamiltonian operator to give the energy is H = = - 42 8n72 dx2 nh 2L oo O nềh2 412 Uncertain since x is known. Following Question...
6,7,8 NAME Physical Chemistry Test 2 Instructions: Do FIVE of the following problems Your best problem will be graded out of points Your third best will be graded out of 20 points Your fifth best will be graded out of 10 peints f30 pointsYour second best will be graded out of 25 points Your fourth best will be graded out of 15 points 1. The work function of uranium is 3.73 ev a. Caculate the maximum photon wavelength needed to...