Question

Multiple Choice

Multiple Choice
Section 4.1
Pointers and
Dynamic Memory
  1. Consider the following statements:
        int *p;
        int i;
        int k;
        i = 42;
        k = i;
        p = &i;
    
    After these statements, which of the following statements will change the value of i to 75?
    • A. k = 75;
    • B. *k = 75;
    • C. p = 75;
    • D. *p = 75;
    • E. Two or more of the answers will change i to 75.
  2. Consider the following statements:
       int i = 42;
       int j = 80;
       int *p1;
       int *p2;
       p1 = &i;
       p2 = &j;
       *p1 = *p2;
       cout << i << j << endl;
    
    What numbers are printed by the output statement?
    • A. 42 and then another 42
    • B. 42 and then 80
    • C. 80 and then 42
    • D. 80 and then another 80
  3. What is printed by these statements?
        int i = 1;
        int k = 2;
        int *p1;
        int *p2;
        p1 = &i;
        p2 = &k;
        p1 = p2;
        *p1 = 3;
        *p2 = 4;
        cout << i;
    
    • A. 1
    • B. 2
    • C. 3
    • D. 4
  4. What is printed by these statements?
         int i = 1;
         int k = 2;
         int* p1;
         int* p2;
         p1 = &i;
         p2 = &k;
         p1 = p2;
         *p1 = 3;
         *p2 = 4;
         cout << k;
    
    • A. 1
    • B. 2
    • C. 3
    • D. 4
  5. What is printed by these statements?
         int i = 1;
         int k = 2;
         int* p1;
         int* p2;
         p1 = &i;
         p2 = &k;
         *p1 = *p2;
         *p1 = 3;
         *p2 = 4;
         cout << i;
    
    • A. 1
    • B. 2
    • C. 3
    • D. 4
  6. When allocating an array of objects, what constructor is used to initialize all of the objects in the array?
    • A. The automatic copy constructor.
    • B. The constructor specified at the declaration.
    • C. The default constructor.
    • D. None of the above.
  7. In which location do dynamic variables reside?
    • A. The code segment.
    • B. The data segment.
    • C. The heap.
    • D. The run-time stack.
    Multiple Choice
    Section 4.2
    Pointers and Arrays
    as Parameters
  8. When should a pointer parameter p be a reference parameter?
    • A. When the function changes p, and you want the change to affect the actual pointer argument.
    • B. When the function changes p, and you do NOT want the change to affect the actual pointer argument.
    • C. When the function changes *p, and you want the change to affect the the object that is pointed at.
    • D. When the function changes *p, and you do NOT want the change to affect the the object that is pointed at.
    • E. When the pointer points to a large object.
  9. Suppose you have the following function prototype and variable declaration:
        void goop(int z[ ]);
        int x[10];
    
    Which is the correct way to call the goop function with x as the argument:
    • A. goop(x);
    • B. goop(x[ ]);
    • C. goop(x[10]);
    • D. goop(&x);
    • E. goop(&x[ ]);
  10. Suppose that the goop function from the previous question changes the value of z[1]. Does this change effect the value of the actual argument?
    • A. Yes
    • B. No
  11. Here is a function declaration:
        void goo(int* x)
        {
            *x = 1;
        }
    
    Suppose that a is an int* variable pointing to some integer, and *a is equal to zero. What is printed if you print *a after the function call goo(a)?
    • A. 0
    • B. 1
    • C. address of a
    • D. address of x
    • E. None of the above
    Multiple Choice
    Section 4.3
    The Bag ADT with
    a Dynamic Array
  12. Here is a small function that uses the dynamic bag class from Chapter 4:
        void quiz( )
        {
            bag::size_type i;   // Line 1
            bag b;              // Line 2
    
            b.insert(42);       // Line 3
            i = b.size( );      // Line 4
            cout << i;    // Line 5
        }
    
    When is the bag's dynamic array allocated?
    • A. During the execution of Line 2.
    • B. During the execution of Line 3.
    • C. Just after Line 4 and before line 5.
    • D. After Line 5.
  13. Here is a small function that uses the dynamic bag class from Chapter 4:
        void quiz( )
        {
            bag::size_type i;  // Line 1
            bag b;             // Line 2
    
            b.insert(42);      // Line 3
            i = b.size( );     // Line 4
            cout << i;   // Line 5
        }
    
    When is the bag's dynamic array returned to the heap?
    • A. During the execution of Line 2.
    • B. During the execution of Line 3.
    • C. Just after Line 4 and before line 5.
    • D. After Line 5.
  14. The + operator which combines two bags was not declared as a member function of the bag class. How can this function access the private data members of the two bags passed as arguments?
    • A. It cannot.
    • B. The operator is declared to be a friend to the class.
    • C. The operator is implemented in the header file containing the bag class definition.
    • D. The operator is implemented in the same implementation file as the bag class.
  15. Suppose that a new foo class has this prototype for an overloaded assignment operator:
        void operator =(const foo& source);
    
    In an assignment statement a = b, what will be the actual argument for the parameter source?
    • A. a
    • B. b
  16. Suppose you are implementing an assignment operator, a copy constructor, and an operator +=. For which of these functions do you need to worry about possible "self-application" (where the argument is the same as the object that activates the function):
    • A. Only one of the three functions has possible self-application
    • B. The assignment operator and the copy construtor have possible self-application
    • C. The assignment operator and the operator += have possible self-application
    • D. The copy construtor and the operator += have possible self-application
    • E. All three functions have possible self-application
  17. What is the usual worst-case performance for resizing a container class that stores its data in a dynamic array?
    • A. Constant time
    • B. Logarithmic time
    • C. Linear time
    • D. Quadratic time
    Multiple Choice
    Section 4.4
    Prescription for a
    Dynamic Class
  18. When a class uses dynamic memory, what member functions should be provided by the class?
    • A. The assignment operator.
    • B. The copy constructor.
    • C. A destructor.
    • D. All of the above.
  19. Which situation does not use the copy constructor?
    • A. Calling a function with a reference parameter
    • B. Calling a function with a value parameter
    • C. Declaring a variable to be a copy of another existing object
    • D. Returning a value from a function
    • E. All of the above situations use the copy constructor
    Multiple Choice
    Section 4.5
    The String ADT
  20. Suppose that you want to declare an array of characters to hold a C++ string with exactly 9 letters. Which declaration is best?
    • A. char s[8];
    • B. char s[9];
    • C. char s[10];
    • D. char s[11];
    • E. char s[12];
  21. Suppose that x and y are two C++ strings. Which expression will return true whenever x and y contain the same sequence of characters?
    • A. (x = y)
    • B. (x == y)
    • C. (x != y)
    • D. (strcmp(x, y))
  22. Suppose that you want to develop two different + operators that calculate and return an object of some class. Which statement is correct?
    • A. One operator must be a friend and the other must not.
    • B. One operator must be public and the other private.
    • C. The operators must have a different parameter lists.
    • D. It is not possible to have two different + operators.
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Answer #1

`Hey,

Note: Brother in case of any queries, just comment in box I would be very happy to assist all your queries

1)

*p=75

OPTION D IS CORRECT

2)

OPTION D IS CORRECT

3)

OPTION A IS CORRECT

4)

OPTION D IS CORRECT

Note: Brother according to HomeworkLib's policy we are only allowed to answer first 4 parts if there are many. So, I request you to post other as separate posts.

Kindly revert for any queries

Thanks.

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