Problem

Algorithm X requires n2 + 9n + 5 operations, and Algorithm Y requires 5n2 operations. What...

Algorithm X requires n2 + 9n + 5 operations, and Algorithm Y requires 5n2 operations. What can you conclude about the time requirements for these algorithms when n is small and when n is large? Which is the faster algorithm in these two cases?

Step-by-Step Solution

Solution 1

Algorithm X requires n²+9 n+5 operations and algorithm Y requires 5 n² operations.

When n is small, for example with n=10, X requires 10 × 10+9 × 10+5=195 operations and Y requires 5 × 10 × 10=500 operations.

with n=100, X requires 100 × 100+9 × 100+5=10950 operations and

Y requires 5 × 100 × 100=50000 operations.

with n=10⁵, X requires 10⁵ × 10⁵+9 × 10⁵+5=10^{10}+90⁵+5 operations and

Y requires 5 × 10⁵ × 10⁵=5 × 10^{10} operations.

Based on the above data we can understand that algorithm X takes lesser operations than algorithm Y, and so it takes less time compared to Y when n is small and also when n is large. So we can conclude that, algorithm X is the faster algorithm compared to Algorithm Y.


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