Using the IS-LM and Aggregate Supply-Aggregate Demand (AS-AD) models of Chapter 12 with a flat short-run...
The following figure depicts the aggregate demand (AD), the short-run aggregate supply (SRAS), and the long-run aggregate supply (LRAS) curves for an economy. The economy is initially at long-run equilibrium, at point A. Suppose that there is an increase in the amount of investment in the economy due to a reduction in the real interest rate. This increase in investment shifts the AD curve to the right, depicted below in the movement of the economy from point A to point...
Question 1: AD-SRAS-LRAS Model [10 Points) Using aggregate demand (AD), short-run aggregate supply (SRAS) and long-run aggregate supply (LRAS) curves, graphically illustrate the effect of an increase in the money supply on output and prices in the short and long run. Assume that the economy is initially in long run equilibrium at the potential output level and prices are fixed in the short-run. In your graph, label "A" for the initial equilibrium, "B' for the short-run equilibrium, and "C" for...
Unit 3: Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply, and Fiscal Policy AD, AS, and LRAS Short Run vs. Long Run Aggregate Supply Draw the economy at full employment 1. In the short run, wages and resource prices will as price levels increase 2. In the long run, wages and resource prices will as price levels increase Shifters of AD and AS Shifters of Aggregate Demand Shifters of Aggregate Supply imi Recessionary Gap Draw an economy in a recession Inflationary Gap Draw an...
The graph below depicts the aggregate demand, Irrun aggregate supply, and short-run aggregate supply curves for the United States at an initial long-run macroeconomic equilibrium Price level] (P) LRAS SRAS Real GDP Consider a situation in which two things happen simultaneously: there is a deterioration of institutions, and the federal government massively increases spending. Which of the graphs below illustrates the shifts in this model given this situation? Price level Price level (P) (P) URAS LRAS, LRAS SRAS SRAS SRAS...
Given a downward-sloping aggregate demand (AD) curve and an upward-sloping short-run aggregate supply curve (SRAS), equilibrium occurs where the two intersect. The value on the vertical axis is the equilibrium price level and the value on the horizontal axis is the equilibrium value of real GDP or output. What happens to the economy when AD shifts? It is useful to sketch a graph and show the shift. Suppose, for example, interest rates fall or wealth increases due to a stock...
QUESTION 7 (25 points): Economic Fluctuation using AD-AS framework Suppose that the short-run aggregate supply curve has a positive slope and that the economy starts at a long-run equilibrium. Now imagine that 10 million people move to Australia they found that Australians live an average of 10 extra years due to the relax lifestyle that they enjoy. This is a permanent change in Labor in the U.S. economy. (a) (10 points) No Policy Intervention: Using the model of Aggregate Demand...
()-run equilibrium occurs at the intersection of the aggregate demand curve, AD, and the short-run aggregate supply curve, SRAS.() ▼ Long Short -run equilibrium occurs at the intersection of AD and the long-run aggregate supply curve, LRAS. Any unanticipated shifts in aggregate demand or supply are called aggregate demand or aggregate supply() ▼ shocks externalities . When aggregate demand decreases while aggregate supply is stable,() ▼ a recessionary an inflationary gap can occur, defined as the difference between how much...
Describe the short-run aggregate supply (SRAS) curve and the long-run aggregate supply (LRAS) curve. A. the SRAS curve is horizontal and the LRAS curve is upward sloping B. the SRAS curve is horizontal and the LRAS curve is vertical C. the SRAS curve is vertical and the LRAS curve is horizontal D. the SRAS curve is vertical and the LRAS curve is upward sloping Why is the short-run aggregate supply curve horizontal? A. because output is fixed in the short...
Suppose real output is initially at its full employment level. Using Aggregate Demand (AD)—Aggregate Supply (AS) framework, discuss the short-run and long-run effects of a decrease in government expenditure on the price level, real output, nominal wage rate and real wage rate under the following three alternative assumptions: nominal wages are fully flexible nominal wages are relatively slow to adjust nominal wages are completely rigid.
IV. Suppose an economy is in long run equilibrium. (a) Use the model of aggregate demand and aggregate supply to illustrate the initial equilibrium on a BIG and clearly labeled graph. Label the equilibrium point A. Be sure to include the short-run and long-run aggregate supply. (b) Household spending increases. Use your diagram to show what happens to output and the price level as the economy moves from the initial to the new short-run equilibrium (label it point B) (c)...