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Name and briefly describe two types of artificial antigen presenting cells that are currently being researched....

  1. Name and briefly describe two types of artificial antigen presenting cells that are currently being researched.
  2. What is alloreactivity, and why would it impede use of artificial antigen presenting cells in humans?
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Answer #1

Artificial antigen presenting cells (aAPCs)are a new technology and approach to cancer immunotherapy. Immunotherapy aims to utilize the body's own defense mechanism -the immune system to recognize mutated cancer cells and to kill them the way the immune system would recognize and kill a virus .Antigen presenting cells are the sentinels of the immune system and patrol the body for pathogen .When they encounter foreign pathogen, the antigen presenting cells alert the T cells , the soldiers of the immune system that there is something foreign in the body with specific cell surface molecules.

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