You obtain spectra for two galaxies and measure the observed wavelength of a hydrogen emission line that has a rest wavelength of 656.3 nm. Here are your results: Galaxy 1: Observed wavelength of hydrogen line is 672.9 nm Galaxy 2: Observed wavelength of hydrogen line is 692.6 nm
(a) Calculate the redshift, z, for each of the two galaxies.
(b) What is each one’s recessional velocity (in km/s)?
(c) Which of these galaxies is farther away from you?
(d) How many times farther away is it?
You obtain spectra for two galaxies and measure the observed wavelength of a hydrogen emission line...
Suppose that you have obtained spectra of several galaxies and have measured the observed wavelength of the H-alpha line (rest wavelength = 656.3nm) to be: Galaxy 1: 659.4 nm. Galaxy 2: 664.1 nm. Galaxy 3: 675.7 nm. 10. [4pt] Calculate the redshift, z, for each of these galaxies. 11. [4pt] Calculate the radial velocity of each of these galaxies. 12. [4pt] Assuming a Hubble Constant of 66.4 km/s/Mpc, calculate the distance to each of these galaxies (answer in Mpc).
A star has an emission line at a wavelength of 666.80 nm. The rest wavelength of the line is 656.3 nm. What is the velocity of the star? Hint: How does the velocity of a star depend on its observed wavelength? What is the equation for Doppler shift? The speed of light is 3.0 × 105 km/s.
In a hydrogen atom, an emission line is observed at a wavelength of 486 nm. If the electron was excited to an energy state n = 4, from what state was the electron excited? What was the minimum energy of the excitation light source to cause the initial absorption event? Note: The Rydberg constant is 1.097373 × 107 m
4. An intense emission line for a new element is observed at a wavelength of 325 nm. What is the frequency of this ight? Frequency Tries 0/2 Submit Answer 5. An intense emission line for a new element is observed at a wavelength of 700 nm. What is the energy of a single photon of this light Energy Tries 0/2 Submit Ans 6. For the line spectra experiment you analyzed the Baimer series to determine n and nu in the...
The H α transition in hydrogen has a rest wavelength of 656.3 nm, coming from electrons moving between the n=2 and n=3 orbitals. You observe a star in which this transition shows a wavelength of 650 nm. How fast is the star moving? Is it moving toward you or away from you. Calculate the same for a galaxy where the wavelength of H α is 1100 nm.
Emission line spectra for various elements are shown in Table 1 and Table 2 shows the wavelengths for various colors. Remember, E = h*c/?, where E is energy, h = 6.626*10-34 J*s, c = 3.00*108 m/s, ? is the wavelength, and 1 m = 109 nm. Table 1. Emission Line Spectra of Various Elements Element Emission Lines (nm) H 410.2, 434.1, 486.1, 656.3 He 447.1, 492.1, 501.5, 587.5 Hg 404.7, 435.8, 546.1, 577.0 Na 588.9, 589.5 Mg 487.8, 502.5, 574.1,...
3. The observed recession velocity of a galaxy is the sum of its Hubble flow velocity, UH = Hod, and the line-of-sight (LOS) component of its peculiar velocity, vp, due to local gravitational effects. a) Suppose we measure Ho by measuring the distance and redshift for a single galaxy velocity of the galaxy?10 b) At what distance can we measure Ho to 5%? Assume the true value of Ho is 74 kin s-"Mpc-1 and a typical LOS peculiar velocity is...
The observed recession velocity of a galaxy is the sum of its Hubble flow velocity, vH = H0d, and the line-of-sight (LOS) component of its peculiar velocity, vp, due to local gravitational effects. a) Suppose we measure H0 by measuring the distance and redshift for a single galaxy. Write an expression for how the error in our measurement depends on the peculiar velocity of the galaxy? b) At what distance can we measure H0 to 5%? Assume the true value...
this pic will helpful upper one is not clear 1.For Galaxy M87 calculate the distance d in Mpc and recessional velocity vr in km/s. Put your answers separated by a comma. 2.For Galaxy M60 calculate the distance d in Mpc and recessional velocity vr km/s. Put your answers separated by a comma. 3.For Galaxy M104 calculate the distance d in Mpc and recessional velocity vr km/s. Put your answers separated by a comma. 4.For Galaxy M95 calculate the distance d...
(a) At what wavelength will we observe a spectral line emitted at 500 nm by a star (b) At what wavelength will we observe the Ca II line (with rest wavelength 397.0 (c) A cloud of neutral hydrogen (HI) emits the so-called "21-cm line" (actually moving toward us at 100 km/s? nm) emitted by a galaxy receding at 60,000 km/s? 21.11 cm, at rest frequency 1420.2 MHz) while moving away at 200 km/s. At what frequency will we observe this...