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Question 6 After the end of World War II, which field of psychology expanded greatly?​ ​Behaviorism...

Question 6

After the end of World War II, which field of psychology expanded greatly?​

​Behaviorism

​Comparative psychology

​Clinical psychology

​Positive psychology

Question 7

Which of these characterizes a representative sample?​

​Anyone who volunteers to participate is included in the study.

​The people in the study say they are confident that their opinions are the common ones.

​Everyone in the population has an equal chance of being chosen for the study.

​The percentages of male and female, old and young, match the whole population.

Question 8

Is it true that cats can see in complete darkness? If so, how?​

​No, vision in complete darkness is impossible.

​Cats see by sending out powerful sight rays.

​Cats can see in the dark, but no one knows how they do it.

​Cats see by extrasensory means.

Question 9

In addition to sweet, sour, salty, and bitter, what else do our taste receptors detect?​

Monosodium glutamate​

​Vitamin B-1

​Calcium

​Cinnamon

Question 10

What is the corpus callosum?​

A brain area important for the production of speech​

​A set of axons connecting the hemispheres of the brain

One of the muscles that control the mouth and tongue​

​A branch of the parasympathetic nervous system

Question 11

What does the term cohort mean?​

​A group of people who are close to average in most regards

​The people who were born during a particular time

​The people who refused to volunteer for an experiment

​A representative sample of the total population

Question 12

What is a major difference between operant conditioning and classical conditioning?​

​In operant conditioning, the learner’s response controls what happens next.

Classical conditioning associates three events instead of two.​

Classical conditioning controls skeletal muscles; operant conditioning controls the viscera.​

Responses learned in operant conditioning are rapidly forgotten unless rehearsed often.​

Question 13

Lev Vygotsky emphasized that children have to discover concepts on their own.​

True
False

Question 14

Any scientific study goes through four steps. Which of these is the correct order of events?​

​Interpretation-hypothesis-methods-results

​Hypothesis-methods-interpretation-results

​Hypothesis-methods-results-interpretation

​Hypothesis-interpretation-methods-results

Question 15

What is the “multiplier effect” in genetics?​

​Genes that increase brain size also increase intellectual ability.

​Heritability estimates tend to increase from one generation to the next.

​Genes produce small differences and the environment increases them.

​Hereditary differences produce twice as much effect as environmental differences.

Question 16

The current definition of psychology given in the text is the systematic study of ____________________.​

Question 17

What is meant by subliminal perception?​

​Intuitively understanding someone’s emotional condition based on nonverbal signals

​Incorrectly reporting the presence of a stimulus that was actually absent

​A behavioral influence based on something that did not reach any of your sense organs

​A behavioral influence based on something you didn’t perceive consciously

Question 18

​Extinction of a conditioned response is the same thing as forgetting.

True
False

Question 19

​A child who lacks “theory of mind” fails to understand which of these?

​Objects continue to exist even if no one is looking at them.

​A liquid that is poured into a different-shaped container still has the same volume.

​Some people know things that other people don’t know.

​If you are a boy and you have a brother, then your brother also has a brother.

Question 20

In most states, can psychoanalysts prescribe drugs?​

​No, none of them can.

​Yes, all of them can.

​Only those who are clinical psychologists can.

​Only those who are psychiatrists can.

Question 21

What happens to enable you to see something?​

​Nothing passes in either direction between your eyes and the object.

Light bouncing off the object strikes your eyes.​

​You send out rays from your eyes AND light strikes your eyes.

​You send rays from your eyes to the object.

Question 22

What is a phantom limb?

​A limb with greater than normal sensation

​A limb with greater than normal strength

​A sensation as if an amputated limb were still present

​A limb with normal strength but no sensation

Question 23

In operant conditioning, the procedure for extinction is simply to stop providing reinforcement.​

True
False

Question 24

What is the blind spot of the retina?​

​It is a spot that is almost always damaged by oxygen deficit at birth.

​It is the part of the retina that is farthest from the fovea.

​It is the point where the lens cannot focus an image.

​It is the point where the optic nerve exits the retina.

Question 25

​What is meant by “working memory”?

​Memory that is working properly

​Information you are working with at the moment

​Memory about how to perform a type of work

​Memory that requires much work to recall

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Answer #1

6. The correct answer is Option 4. After the end of World War II, positive psychology expanded greatly.
7. The correct answer is Option 3. ​Everyone in the population has an equal chance of being chosen for the study.
8. The correct answer is Option 1.
No, vision in complete darkness is impossible.
9. In addition to sweet, sour, salty, and bitter, what else do our taste receptors detect monosodium glutamate.

Please post the other questions separately as we are supposed to answer just one question or four sub parts of the same question.

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